Please join us for the 2024 CIG Webinar Series as we explore topics in model interoperability geodynamics.
This webinar series provides a survey of current efforts to understand the relationship between different systems in geosciences. By presenting examples of coupled geodynamics models and the difficulties encountered in coupling them, speakers of this series invite us into exploration and discussions of the science opportunities and challenges in code coupling and multidisciplinary research.
See our website for the full description of the series and upcoming speakers.
Webinars are at 12 PM / noon PT Thursdays or as otherwise posted.
THURSDAY FEBRUARY 8 @ 12P / noon PST
Coupling Geodynamic and Landscape Evolution Models
Robert Moucha, Syracuse University
Continental rifting is an integral process of plate tectonics and a key stage in the tectonic Wilson cycle that can lead to the breakup of continents and generation of new oceanic crust. The evolution of continental rifts involves a combination of tectonic, magmatic, and surface processes. Understanding the intricate interplay between these processes is essential for unraveling their complex history that is recorded in the sedimentary rift basins. Climate driven processes: weathering, erosion, sediment transport, and deposition, have been shown to impact the stress state and deformation in extensional settings. However, a number of these models have utilized a simplified approach to modeling surface processes (e.g., Olive et al., 2014) and only a few have coupled geodynamic models with sophisticated models of landscape evolution that can separate marine and terrestrial surface processes (e.g. Theunissen & Huismans, 2019; Neuhart et al., 2022). In this presentation I will give an overview of one such coupling approach and present results of our geodynamic-landscape evolution coupling with a focus on the sedimentary system and the influence of paleotopography and different sizes of pre-existing structural weakness.
To study the behavior of continental rifting we use ThermoMech 2D, a thermomechanical numerical code based on the primitive variable particle-in-cell finite-difference method developed by Taras Gerya and others (Gerya, 2010; & references therein). The advantage of this numerical approach is that specific material properties are inherently traced through time negating the need for numerous high-resolution grids. We track both age and water depth of sediment deposition as well as temperature and pressure. In addition to material properties, surfaces such as topography, basement, and stratigraphical horizons, are also be tracked. Surface processes are simulated using an open-source landscape evolution code called Fastscape (fastscape.org; Braun & Willett, 2013; Yuan et al., 2019a, 2019b). Fastscape adopts a stream-power law fluvial bedrock erosion with both hillslope and marine diffusion to generate, transport and deposit sediment in marine or lacustrine environments.
THURSDAY FEBRUARY 22 @ 12P / noon PST
Venus through time: building coupled evolution models for rocky planet
Cedric Gilman, ETH Zurich
Venus is the closest analog to Earth we are likely to find. However, despite its many similarities with our planet, our neighbor exhibits critical differences at present-day, none more obvious than its inimical surface conditions. Its surface temperature of about 740 K is caused by a massive 92 bar CO2 atmosphere. One of the major challenges in recent comparative planetology has been to understand precisely how those two relatively similar planets could lead to diverging evolutionary pathways. This question is capital when it comes to our grasp of what makes or breaks planetary habitability. It has further application to exoplanetary studies since Venus is a perfect laboratory to test models against more observational data than will ever be available regarding planets orbiting distant stars.
Here, we will review the current state of our knowledge of Venus, its evolution and the processes that can affect surface conditions and the atmosphere. We will focus on volatile exchanges between the interior of the planet, its surface, and its atmosphere. We will then detail recent work on coupled models and how feedback mechanisms’ widespread influence contributes to the evolution of a rocky world. Finally, we will discuss further coupled aspects of planetary evolution that are generally not yet fully understood but will be necessary parts of future modelling attempts.
[more info] [register]